Tulis is the premium style of batik where the entire design is applied by hand using a tool called a canting (pronounced chanting). It is a pen-like instrument made from a small copper reservoir with a spout on a wooden handle. The reservoir holds the hot wax which flows through the spout.
Endek or Ikat
Endek is a form of ikat weave on fly shuttle loom. The warp thread is strung onto the loom and the desired pattern is sketched onto the thread. The thread is then wrapped with sting, straw or plastic so certain areas of the thread resist the dye. The thread is then soaked in one or numerous dye baths depending on the desired pattern. The thread is then returned to the warp of the loom and the weaving process begins. As the weft is woven through the warp the pattern emerges in the cloth.