Madura is the island directly north east of Java. Batik produced on Madura generally has a free flowing style. Images represent nature: those on the coast have blues, greens and sea life while inland areas tend to be reds, browns and green with more flowers, birds and trees.
Tulis is the premium style of batik where the entire design is applied by hand using a tool called a canting (pronounced chanting). It is a pen-like instrument made from a small copper reservoir with a spout on a wooden handle. The reservoir holds the hot wax which flows through the spout.
The cloth is then dipped in dye or the colour is painted on. After the cloth is dry the wax is removed by boiling the cloth. The areas treated with wax keep their original colour. This process is repeated as many times depending how many colours are desired. The process can take days or even weeks for more complex designs and colours.